Programming language helps to develop applications using the set of instructions to the computer. Software professional can choose the programming language for developing the software applications. The graduate can choose the software professional path based on skill set and area of interest. If the graduate is entering into the software industry, the graduate may face issue to choose the correct programming language. Occasionally, the graduate may not get an option to choose the programming language when he/she get an offer from major software companies. The software companies take fresh graduate from top colleges or universities and train them based on the project requirements. But, the student can start learning the programming language from college days based on his interest. If the graduate come out from college or experienced professional fired from the company, they may not be able to concentrate much on preparing the programming interview due to social and mental pressure. When the professional working in Software Company or the student studying in college or university, they get more time and flexibility compare then the previous case.
Programming language Type
Students should learn at least one programming language while studying in the college from university curriculum (We assume, computer science students!). If the student like any programming language during college study days, they can start to learn more from outside curriculum. If college curriculum cover at least one programming language, the student can choose that programming language and learn more from websites (Java – Oracle java API, Java Tutorial, C# C++ – Microsoft Developer Network C/C++ – Linux Kernel), forums from real world application developers (StackOverflow, Codeproject, oracle java forums) and intermediate/advanced books from market. If the student is good in any one programming language, the student gets two advantages.
- Know how to learn the programming language and able to learn any programming language.
- If the Student knows one programming language well and focused way, they can develop software application in real time with minimal supervision.
The software companies are looking the above skill set. If the student knows 10 skill set without deep knowledge, the companies are facing difficult to train or assign project tasks to them. The programming language can be select based on interest. Modern operating systems support the variety of new programming language with less development time.
If the Software professional want controls the entire lifecycle of memory management, the programmer can choose C or C++ which give more control for handling the system memory. C language does not support object-oriented programming concepts. But the Objective-C or C++ support object oriented programming concepts.
If the Software professional doesn’t care about the memory management, the Software professional can use automatic memory management programming language. The .NET programming languages and JVM-based programming languages manage the memory using inbuilt garbage collection.
If the Software professional like to develop a web application, the Software professional can choose Active Server Pages (ASP), Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) and Java Server Pages (JSP) programming languages. ASP uses to develop the Microsoft-based client-server web application. PHP uses to develop open source client-server web application.
If the Software professional like to develop an application which uses more data, the Software professional can use Structured Query Language (SQL) programming language. The SQL is a standard which use to query, update or modify the data in the relational database management system (RDBMS). Many database software vendors implemented SQL and can be used to manipulate data in their product. The database software vendor also provides the extension which is coming along with each RDBMS product. The Software professional can use SQL programming language to master in any database management system.
If the Software professional like to develop platform independent application, dynamic type and scope without compile the application, the Software professional can use interpreted programming languages. Interpreted programming language executes instructions directly, without previously compiling a program into machine-language instructions. If the Software professional want to automate some tasks (example backup database management system, deployment), the Software professional can use python or Perl interpreted programming languages.
Requirement based selection
The Software professional can select the programming language based on software development requirements. If the software needs to be supported with legacy code, the Software professional can choose existing programming language which used to develop the application. The new development can use any modern programming language which fulfill the current requirement with minimum license or development cost. If the application needs to be enhanced, the Software professional may not have much choice. The Software professional can use existing language or develop using new languages based on the Interoperability. Example, if the application developed using java system, the Software professional can use .NET programming language through web service. The web service can be integrated with any programming language.
Environment based selection
The Software professional can select programming language based on application deployment environment.
If the Software professional like to develop system programming, they can start to build the application on system based programming languages (example C, C++, Objective-C).
If the Software professional likes build applications which help to any domain, they can build the applications. The application can be web based, desktop based or mobile based. The programming languages may be different based on the application type.
If the Software professional wants to build the mobile application, they can start with Objective C for IOS or java for android mobile development. If the application needs to be built for windows operating system, they can use Microsoft C++, C# or VB .NET. If the Software professional want develops the web-based application, they can use ASP (Microsoft), PHP (Open source) and JSP (Java open source standard).
The programming language can be select based on the application domain. The software can be used in many places from embedded system to mobile operating system. The software can be used in healthcare, enterprise application, customer relation management and more. If the hardware needs to connect with computer, it needs driver to communicate with appropriate port. The software driver developed using system level programming language. But, if the application needs to support client server using the browser, it can develop using web programming languages. The Software professional can select the programming languages based on the domain. If the candidate working on financial domain or financial software company, they can develop software for financial domain which may not require system level programming (some legacy system from financial application developed using system level programming languages and need to maintain in system level programming languages).
Operating system based selection
The programming language can be select based on operating system. Once the software developed using programming language, the software should deploy to the operating system. The application cannot run without any operating system. If the application runs on windows platform, the candidate can choose the Microsoft technologies which support more functionality. If the application targeted to platform independent, the Software professional can choose java based language. If the application develops on windows platform, it can be used by many operating system from Linux, MAC or windows operating system. If the application is going to deploy on MAC or Android-based operating system, the Software professional can use java (for an android operating system) or Objective C (IPhone Operating system).
Programming index based selection
The programming index is a measure of the popularity of programming languages using different factors. The students can select programming language based on popularity.
PYPL Popularity of Programming Language
TIOBE Index for August 2015
The RedMonk Programming Language Rankings: June 2015
Job Market-based selection
The student can select programming language from the job market. If the student able to find most demand skill set and learn, they can easily get into the software industry. The student can monitor the skillset from various source like Programming index, highly demanded skill set articles, job portals or company’s career page. If the industry requires skilled resource and not able to find in the market, the industry ready to take fresher’s with basic or intermediate knowledge in the particular domain. But, the student has to prove his knowledge in the specialized domain. The industry may not check about all the skill set from student curriculum. But, if the student put any technical skill set in his resume, the interviewer check about that particular knowledge.
If the candidate gets chance to choose the programming language, choose programming language carefully and build the programming skill from basic to intermediate or advanced level. The student can change programming language later with minimal effort. But, if they continue with one programming language in entire software career, they get deeper knowledge.
In this article, we uses graduate, students and professional titles. We assume, student is a learner who attends classes at a school, college, or university. The graduate is a learner who complete the degree and ready for applying the job. The Working professional is a learner who is working right now in the software industry. The Software professional is a learner who has one of the above capabilities (student or graduate or Working professional)
- TIOBE Index for August 2015
- Redmonk Index
- PYPL Popularity of Programming Language
- Choosing the Right Programming Language for Your Startup
- Learn Which Programming Language to Choose With This Infographic
- How to Choose a Programming Language
- Choosing a Programming Language