People think that computer science is the art of geniuses but the actual reality is the opposite, just many people doing things that build on each other, like a wall of mini stones. Donald Knuth
Least Recently Used (LRU) cache algorithm removes the least recently used items first.
This algorithm keeps track of all items insertion order to delete the least recently used items first. If any item inserts or delete, the cache items lifetime change and update the cache.
LRU size 4.
Insert two number 4 and 5.
The LRU data updated with 2,3,4,5
size:4 Items:0 1 2 3 size:4 Items:2 3 4 5