Let us change our traditional attitude to the construction of programs. Instead of imagining that our main task is to instruct a computer what to to, let us concentrate rather on explaining to human beings what we want a computer to do. Donald Knuth
The DUAL table is a special one-row, one-column table present by default in Oracle and other database installations. The sysdate returns the current date from the oracle database server.
SELECT sysdate from dual;
The to_char funcation format the date.
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'MM-DD-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') "NOW" FROM DUAL;